Smart Planning: Different Participation Methods for Evaluating Spatial Attractiveness

Mueller, Christian and Klein, Ulrike and Hof, Angela (2016) Smart Planning: Different Participation Methods for Evaluating Spatial Attractiveness. REAL CORP 2016 – SMART ME UP! How to become and how to stay a Smart City, and does this improve quality of life? Proceedings of 21st International Conference on Urban Planning, Regional Development and Information Society. pp. 643-652.

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The smart city approach provides many promising advantages considering overall planning efficiency in response to societal and ecological challenges. A smart city may only be as desirable as its performance in increasing the quality of life of its citizens. One benchmark is the level of citizen well-being and if they feel comfortable within the given space. This raises the question as to how an overall self-perceived well-being or “spatial attractiveness” can be measured and compared. In this study, different participatory concepts and methods were applied in order to measure and quantify spatial attractiveness. Firstly, a questionnaire-based survey was conducted. In the second step, a web map application for online participation was created and promoted using touchscreen devices. Additionally, ArcGIS for Desktop was used for gathering data as well as an analogue map on which citizens were ask to draw on. The questionnaire-based survey provided the most detailed information on citizens demands and the analogue map was the most easy-to-use method. However, data post processing for these surveys might be time consuming. As ArcGIS for Desktop required some prior GIS knowledge to be used properly, it proved to be less suitable for participative data collection. Results show that the web map application was suitable to gather considerable amounts of data in a relatively short time period. Consistent with the smart planning approach, the collected participation data can be accessed online in real time and effectively be implemented into sustainable urban planning. In a case study, the collected data were analyzed in combination with walking distances to facilities of basic goods and services. Plausibility checks were iteratively carried out in dialogue with local planning authorities and decision-makers. This study demonstrates approaches to merge citizen participation and spatial analysis into novel geospatial tools and to increase urban planning efficiency.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Smart Planning, Participation, Participatory Planning, Spatial Cybernetics, Spatial Simulation
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GA Mathematical geography. Cartography
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Depositing User: REAL CORP Administrator
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2016 15:24
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2016 15:24

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