GIS application for improving housing conditions in substandard Roma settlements in Serbia

Živković, Ljiljana (2016) GIS application for improving housing conditions in substandard Roma settlements in Serbia. REAL CORP 2016 – SMART ME UP! How to become and how to stay a Smart City, and does this improve quality of life? Proceedings of 21st International Conference on Urban Planning, Regional Development and Information Society. pp. 305-315.

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In order to tackle socio-economic inequality problems of Roma minority population in Serbia, Serbian Government has adopted in 2009 the Strategy on Improvement of the Status of Roma in the Republic of Serbia (Roma Strategy). During last 7 years, this Roma Strategy has been implemented by different entities and through various projects, dealing with some of the major identified issues of Roma community in Serbia, like: substandard living conditions; low or no income at all; legal and other discriminations; lack of rights on social care and/or health insurance; etc. Within the programme “We are here together – European Assistance for Roma Inclusion”, the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe Mission to Serbia (OSCE Mission to Serbia) provides technical assistance to the Serbian Government in implementation of the mentioned Roma Strategy. Since 2013, part of this assistance has aimed at creation of an information system, that is, centralized GIS application for the substandard Roma settlements (SRS) in Serbia. The main purpose of this GIS application is to support the Ministry of Construction, Transportation and Infrastructure (MCTI) together with local governments, to register, monitor and analyse quality of housing within SRS in Serbia, and make right decisions for improvement of Roma community living conditions in future. Thus, in order for affordable housing solutions for SRS in Serbia to be identified and then proposed by MCTI for funding, the OSCE Mission to Serbia has implemented project “Mapping of substandard Roma settlements in GIS” for building GIS application for SRS. This project consisted of two main groups of activities: (1) spatial and alphanumeric data collection on SRS, and (2) GIS application building for SRS housing conditions monitoring and decision-making. As part of project methodology, the first conceptual data model for SRS was created using UML language. Based on this model, questionnaire for alphanumeric data collection on SRS housing conditions was developed, while spatial data for SRS boundaries were collected using CAD tool and orthophoto maps for each site where these settlements were located within Serbian municipalities. Also, in order for SRS data collection activity to be performed efficiently, network of 16 field co-workers throughout Serbia was established and appropriate training was provided. Finally, as second part of project methodology, collected SRS data were subject of quality verification before their conversion and integration within SQL database, which was basis for creation of appropriate GIS environment using QGIS open-source software advantages. The aim of this article is to present project methodology and main results. First, recent activities on Roma community housing improvement in Serbia would be listed and the OSCE project “Mapping of substandard Roma settlements in GIS” would be presented. Then, selected methodology for the project aim and outputs achievement would be described. In following chapter, OSCE project main results would be presented together with their main characteristics and first data analysis results. Finally, project methodology and results would be discussed and conclusion would be made, including possible implications and future steps towards improvement of Roma community housing conditions in Serbia.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Roma, housing, GIS, OSCE, Serbia
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GA Mathematical geography. Cartography
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Depositing User: REAL CORP Administrator
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2016 15:36
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2016 15:36

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