New concepts for urban highways control

Gregurić, Martin and Ivanjko, Edouard and Mandžuka, Sadko (2014) New concepts for urban highways control. REAL CORP 2014 – PLAN IT SMART! Clever Solutions for Smart Cities. Proceedings of 19th International Conference on Urban Planning, Regional Development and Information Society. pp. 423-432.

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In recent decades a significant increase in traffic demand has occurred. This trend is especially present in dense populated areas where daily traffic congestions during rush hours occur regularly. Congestions are significant in road traffic where they can simultaneously reduce public transportation level of service (LoS) also. As consequence, even more people are using their car additionally increasing the congestion problem. Classic solution for solving the road traffic congestion problem is infrastructure build up. Today’s dense urban areas mostly do not allow this approach because of the lack of available building space. More advanced road traffic control solutions from the domain of intelligent transportation systems (ITS) are being more and more applied to optimally use the existing infrastructure (Papageorgiou et al., 2003.). Such solutions include coordination between several consecutive crossroads, dynamic traffic assignment, driver informing systems, etc. One of the ITS application areas is related to urban highways which present a class of highways used as a city bypass or are just passing a dense urban are. Their main characteristic is that they have a larger number of on- and off-ramps often placed at small distances. Due to the small distance, mutual on-ramp influence can occur enlarging the problems of daily congestions and associated decrease of highway LoS. In order to prevent the appearance of traffic standstill or to reduce its duration control approaches as ramp metering and variable speed limit control (VSLC) are being applied (Hegyi et al., 2010.). In recent years, new cooperative concepts between several on-ramps and VSLC are used as a combined urban highway control system (Ghods et al., 2007.). This paper presents a new learning based cooperative ramp metering strategy in which several well-known ramp metering strategies (ALIENA, SWARM, HERO) are used to create a learning set for an ANFIS (Gregurić et al., 2013.) based control structure. Optimal ramp metering values are obtained for a wide range of traffic demand on the urban highway and belonging on-ramps. Optimal ramp metering values for specific traffic demand characteristics obtained from most suitable ramp metering strategies are integrated into only one control strategy. Thus, the need of applying several ramp metering strategies and switching between them is avoided. Additionally, cooperation between VSLC and vehicle control by an on-board unit is described and a discussion about possible implementation is given. Proposed cooperative urban highway management approach is tested in simulations using the city of Zagreb bypass as case study. For simulation, the macroscopic highway traffic simulator CTMsim (Kurzhanskiy et al., 2008.) is used. Used CTMsim simulator augmented to enable simulation of VSLC and cooperative ramp metering approaches.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cooperative control, ramp metering, road traffic control, urban highway, variable speed limit control
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Depositing User: REAL CORP Administrator
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2016 15:58
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2016 15:58

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