Narrative Urban Mapping

Krause, Renate and Höffken, Stefan and Streich, Bernd (2014) Narrative Urban Mapping. REAL CORP 2014 – PLAN IT SMART! Clever Solutions for Smart Cities. Proceedings of 19th International Conference on Urban Planning, Regional Development and Information Society. pp. 921-930.

Text (Narrative Urban Mapping)
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UrbaneGeschichten is a project and mobile web platform for a bottom-up citizens’ chronicle. It aims at collecting and mapping everyday life stories directly from citizens. Thus, it taps information from hitherto inaccessible sources with potential value within urban planning processes. The project draws from four theories: 1) Digital Natives by Prensky (Prensky 2001), characterizes prospective participants with a strong affinity for as well as a high intensity of use of technology. 2) Cognitive Surplus by Shirky (Shirky 2010), states that means, motive and opportunity are crucial for participation. 3) The Wisdom of Crowds by Surowiecki (Surowiecki 2005), argues that large groups can – under the right circumstances – achieve better solutions or answers than the most skilled individuals. 4) Crowdsourcing by Howe (Howe 2008), defines a new form of operating process relying on the skills and knowledge of a large group of unknown individuals. As one way to combine these opportunities, we analyze if the web service Crowdmap Classic , provided by the non-profit tech company Ushahidi , is suitable for the purpose of collaborative narrative urban mapping. Therefore, the Crowdmap deployment UrbaneGeschichten has been set up and input from within the city of Kaiserslautern (Germany) was solicited. The project received significant input from citizens, thus documenting everyday life in Kaiserslautern from May to December 2013, and remains open. Submissions tended to focus on private aspects of life. From the findings it is concluded that Crowdmap Classic is a suitable tool to access information about locations and everyday life stories. Similar technologies have also been used by other projects from urban planning contexts. One example is EmoMap (Klettner et al. 2013), which solicits geo-referenced data in order to map citizens’ subjective perception regarding affective qualities of environments. Another, somewhat similar approach was taken by the project mappines . Such examples and the present project show that valuable information can be crowdsourced and displayed on maps, while furthermore supporting Brabham’s argument that Crowdsourcing can be useful in participation processes in spatial planning (Brabham 2009).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Crowdsourcing, Inductive Monitoring, Mapping, Mobile internet devices, Participation
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Depositing User: REAL CORP Administrator
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2016 16:25
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2016 16:25

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