Smart Meters for Accounting Smart Solid Waste Mangement for Smart Cities in India

Bandyopadhyay, Sanhita (2015) Smart Meters for Accounting Smart Solid Waste Mangement for Smart Cities in India. REAL CORP 2015. PLAN TOGETHER – RIGHT NOW – OVERALL. From Vision to Reality for Vibrant Cities and Regions. Proceedings of 20th International Conference on Urban Planning, Regional Development and Information Society. pp. 535-542.

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Rapid urbanization along with increases in population has led to the deterioration of physical environment in India. Effective Solid Waste Management is one of the major challenges faced by the local authorities. High volumes of waste generation, inefficient collection and transportation system and limited disposal options are continuously impacting the health, environment and quality of life in the area. A number of technologies are being proposed for management and disposal of garbage in general for different city or towns but so far no technology has been shortlisted as the one which would be viable not only from the environment angle but also in terms of the cost involved for unanimously in urban local body in India. During the last century urban population of India increased ten folds from 27 million to 270 million. India produces 48.0 MT of MSW annually at present. Central Pollution Control Board, India (2009) said that by the year 2021, the urban population is expected to represent 41% of the overall population and subsequently MSW is expected to increase to 300 MT per year, by the year 2047 (490 g to 945 g per capita). Due to an increase in population and subsequently increase in waste generation, landfills could become a major source of atmospheric pollution. Cities which are not clean do not exhibit a smart character. Cities which are clean are perceived to be smart, providing a healthier environment and a better quality of life. Therefore, they attract people – both people who want to live and work in the city and those who want to invest in the city. It is in this context that the Government has decided on developing 100 “Smart Cities” in the country. It includes one satellite city of each of the cities with a population of 4 million people or more comprises of 9 cities, most of the cities in the population range of 1 – 4 million people about 35 out of 44 cities, all State/UT Capitals, even if they have a population of less than one million including17 cities, Cities of tourist, religious and economic importance not included 10 cities and Cities in the 0.2 to 1.0 million population ranging 25 cities. Smart city meters segregation of recyclable and non-recyclable waste as well as wet and dry waste at the source so that there can be 100 percent recycling of solid waste. Appropriate technology should be adopted for treatment of waste at decentralized locations, put in place an effective collection and disposal system, encourage use of products based on recycling of solid waste especially – power, compost, building material (based on cycling of debris & construction materials). Now the question is how to make it smart mechanism. What are the parameters to account the smartness of solid waste mnagement process including smart storage, smart collection mechanism, smart transportation, smart process and smart disposal. This paper has attempted to frame out web based automatic database mechanism to account the the process metering of solid waste mangement for 100 smart cities in India.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: smart, on-site tracking, information technology, SWM, metering
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Depositing User: REAL CORP Administrator
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2016 16:26
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2016 16:26

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