Changing Structures Induce Changing Behaviour: Streetscape Revitalisation and Human Mobility

Brezina, Tadej and Emberger, Günter (2017) Changing Structures Induce Changing Behaviour: Streetscape Revitalisation and Human Mobility. REAL CORP 2017 – PANTA RHEI – A World in Constant Motion. Proceedings of 22nd International Conference on Urban Planning, Regional Development and Information Society. pp. 677-684. ISSN 2521-3938

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The preceding contributions of Frey and Emberger in this workshop prepare the theory-based path from the layer-based model of human behaviour to the acting principles of a human-centered design of urban spaces, streetscapes and transport structures. Designing transport infrastructures and urban streetscapes poses an ethical challenge for the human being a part of a socio-technical regime. Not only are humans of course in every stage of life and health every-day users of these designed structures, some also act as planning agents of the very same – either as planners or in a public participation. Densely intertwined with the ethics question of properly designing urban mobility structures is the question on where and how to start the change of structures. Overcoming mental barriers among planners and decision makers as well as users not yet accustomed to a changed streetscape pose a considerable challenge for shaping society’s dynamically evolving urban transport regimes. Human mobility behaviour is subject to “fast” adaptability, if change management techniques are applied, ie. comprehensive information is available on a wide scale beforehand of the intervention. As large scale sporting events of the past have shown, such quasi-permanent transformation (closures for vehicular traffic) evoke the transport system’s flexibility in reacting on such events: mobility patterns adapt. Because this paper claims to provide a synopsis of evidence and examples of changes in behaviour due to changed structures, it culminates with four sets of examples following these main lines of thought: (1) Example: Active modes friendly settlement structures (2) Example: Commuting infrastructure (3) Example: Parking place pricing and and locations (4) Example: Rredifining road space usage We conclude with highlighting the behavioural flexibility of mobility, the impacts of such behavioural changes from the urban dwellers’ perspectives and the importance of making such changes conceivable beforehand.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Planning; Structures; Behavioural change; Mobility, transport planning
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
Depositing User: Maria Molnár
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2017 15:53
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2017 15:53

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