From Migration to Urban Sprawl in Flanders (Belgium)

Loris, Isabelle and Pisman, Ann (2017) From Migration to Urban Sprawl in Flanders (Belgium). REAL CORP 2017 – PANTA RHEI – A World in Constant Motion. Proceedings of 22nd International Conference on Urban Planning, Regional Development and Information Society. pp. 209-217. ISSN 2521-3938

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Belgium, and especially Flanders, is recently developping new policy plans for the future spatial development. Within this context a discussion is going on about the strategies to deal with the ungoing urban sprawl. In this paper we will first focus on migration figures, and draw up a map with current migration patterns in Belgium. This map faces the residential pressure level of the municipalities and the regional housing market areas. This housing pressure is the result of depositing the growth in households relative to the available building possibilities. Secondly we will analyse the forecasted population growth in Flanders. Immigration to Belgium comes mainly from the rest of Europe, primarily from the group of 20-50 year olds. From 2040 on growth will only be due to external immigration. This external immigration arrives on the one hand basically in the larger cities. The internal migration, on the other hand, shows a pattern away from these larger cities. Especially the cities outlying edges and the rural areas have a growth at the expense of city centers. Accordingly the current population is changing. Within Belgium and Flanders, as in most other Western European countries, we are confronted with the ageing of the population and with a limited growth of the number of households mainly because of smaller households. Finally we confront the migration patterns, the population forecasts and the disponsibility of building plots. The large surplus of building opportunities, especially in rural areas, drives along the suburbanization. This urban sprawl in turn leads to the known dispersed settlement pattern in Flanders, the northern part of Belgium. In this context and in relation to European trends, we examine how the government can steer upon spatial planning and in particular on the available building possibilities.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: housing pressure, urban sprawl, migration patterns, Flanders, spatial planning
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
J Political Science > JV Colonies and colonization. Emigration and immigration. International migration
Depositing User: Maria Molnár
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2017 13:14
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2017 13:14

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