Private or Public Transport? The Determinants of Travel Behaviour in Post-industrial City – the Case of Łódź

Wojcik, Szymon (2017) Private or Public Transport? The Determinants of Travel Behaviour in Post-industrial City – the Case of Łódź. REAL CORP 2017 – PANTA RHEI – A World in Constant Motion. Proceedings of 22nd International Conference on Urban Planning, Regional Development and Information Society. pp. 723-728. ISSN 2521-3938

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Travel mode choices and the frequency of the usage of different modes of transport are subject to numerous studies nowadays. The importance of this research is especially visible when we consider the level of pollution, noise and congestion in big cities. These phenomena became more problematic as the agglomeration develops. Therefore careful analysis of the factors determining travel mode choices in daily travel activity of citizens should be conducted. Especially when the share of private car usage overwhelms other transport modes. This situation is particularly visible in developing economies as the possession of car can be used as a proxy for the economic status. The case of Łódź - the post-industrial city located in the centre of Poland seem to be a very interesting case study in terms of the problems described above. According to the report of TomTom Traffic Index 2016, Łódź was the fifth most congested city in the world. On the other hand, the city of Łódź faces the problem of rapid ageing of its inhabitants and very low birth rate. This motives summed up give us a justification to use Łódź as a scientifically interesting subject of the analysis. The data used in the empirical exercise are taken from the study Quality of life of the citizens of Łódź and its spatial diversification. Such choice of the dataset allows us to include a broader range of explanatory variables than in regular travel mode choice studies. As a tool of econometric analysis, we employed multinomial logistic regression model. The results are in line with the findings of similar studies in the field of travel behaviour analysis. We observe the high impact of socio-demographic factors on the frequency of the usage of a particular mode of transport. Also, the state of city’s infrastructure and effectiveness of functioning of the public transport turned out to be the meaningful factors determining travel behaviour of the citizens of Łódź in their daily travel activity. The set of determinants differs between the modes of transport. Especially interesting results were obtained for age groups, where we observed an intensive increase in private car usage for mid-aged people, and afterwards gradual decline in favour of public transport. The statistically significant impact of financial situation assessment and the student/employee status were also confirmed in this study.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: travel frequency, travel mode choice, multinomial logit, travel behaviour, microdata
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
Depositing User: Maria Molnár
Date Deposited: 11 Sep 2017 17:34
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2017 17:34

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