Influence of Road Connectivity and Public Transport Accessibility on Subjective Wellbeing during Travel: An Explanation from Travel Mode: Evidence from five Communities around Subway Stations in Harbin

Zhen, Li and Yu, Dong and Wei, Dong and Yujie, Chen (2019) Influence of Road Connectivity and Public Transport Accessibility on Subjective Wellbeing during Travel: An Explanation from Travel Mode: Evidence from five Communities around Subway Stations in Harbin. REAL CORP 2019 – IS THIS THE REAL WORLD? Perfect Smart Cities vs. Real Emotional Cities. Proceedings of 24th International Conference on Urban Planning, Regional Development and Information Society. pp. 421-429. ISSN 2521-3938

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Abstract

Existing studies have shown that increased subjective wellbeing comes with individual and societal benefits. Now citizens spend a significant amount of time per day on trips. Whether the change of transport environment factors, especially the construction of subway station can effectively improve residents' subjective wellbeing during travel or not is now concerned more than before when creating a “Real Emotional City”. This study aims to explore the relationship between road connectivity, public transport accessibility around subway stations and residents' subjective wellbeing during travel, and the mediating effect of travel modes. Data form 400 residents were collected from communities in Harbin which included travel modes, subjective wellbeing during travel and basic individual information. It turns out that the cognitive judgments and the emotional feelings (two aspects of travel wellbeing) need to be discussed separately because they are almost independently affected. Although cycling and walking are active, only pedestrians reported higher travel satisfaction when controlling travel time and other confounding factors. We found that for each additional unit of road network density, the number of people travelling by public transport will increase. Residents with better bus station accessibility and who have better road connectivity are likely to have higher travel satisfaction. Pleasant travel mood is not related to bus accessibility, and had a weak relationship with distance to subway station. In addition, residents closer to subway stations have higher levels of satisfaction and positive mood, but the results of subway travelers prove that this does not come from their cognitive judgments during travel, which indicates that some other factors may be more important. The findings highlight the heterogeneity of relationships between travel mode, transport environment factors and subjective wellbeing and have implications for intervention strategies and policies designed to promote travel environmental and behaviour change.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: public transport accessibilty, travel mode, road connectivity, subjective well-being, subway station
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BH Aesthetics
Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Depositing User: The CORP Team
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2019 15:21
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2019 15:21
URI: http://repository.corp.at/id/eprint/579

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