The Elderly under Urban Heat Pressure – Strategies and Behaviours of Elderly Residents against Urban Heat

Allex, Brigitte and Arnberger, Arne and Wanka, Anna and Eder, Renate and Hutter, Hans-Peter and Kundi, Michael and Wallner, Peter and Kolland, Franz and Blättner, Beate and Grewe, Henny Annette (2013) The Elderly under Urban Heat Pressure – Strategies and Behaviours of Elderly Residents against Urban Heat. PLANNING TIMES – You better Keep Planning or You get in Deep Water, for the Cities they are A-Changin'. Proceedings of 18th International Conference on Urban Planning, Regional Development and Information Society. pp. 909-915. ISSN 2521-3938

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Abstract

Urban areas especially suffer from hot days because of the urban heat island effect. Heat periods have impacts on urban residents; in particular, the elderly group, above 65 years, is suffering from the impacts of heat stress. Studies about previous heat impacts have revealed that the morbidity and mortality rate of the elderly are increased during and post heat periods. This has been observed for several US-cities (Anderson & Bell, 2009; O’Neill et al., 2003), as well as for several European cities such as London (Hajat et al., 2002), Paris (Fouillet et al., 2008; Vandentorren et al., 2004) and Rome (Michelozzi et al., 2003). The heat wave in the summer of 2003 in Europe resulted in about 70.000 deaths (Robine et al., 2008). Regarding Vienna, similar impacts of heat waves have been noticed (Hutter et al., 2007, Moshammer et al., 2006). It is projected that climate change will further increase heat waves in number, intensity and duration during the 21st century affecting most land areas (IPCC, 2007). There will be an increase in hot days with temperatures above 30°C and tropical nights (with temperatures not below 20°C) (Formayer et al., 2007/2008). The living conditions of the urban population will be negatively influenced particularly by long lasting and intensive heat waves. As cities have a large and increasing elderly population and a high number of those living isolated in poor housing conditions, the issue becomes far more important in the near future in particular as more heat periods are predicted because of climate change (Hutter et al., 2011). Thus, the reduction of the vulnerability of elderly people is a prior aim for city administrations. One strategy in reducing heat stress impacts is changing residents’ behaviour during heat waves. Unfortunately, knowledge on adaptive behaviour of the edlerly during heat waves is often lacking.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: heat stress climate change elderly
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Depositing User: The CORP Team
Date Deposited: 02 May 2019 14:48
Last Modified: 02 May 2019 14:48
URI: http://repository.corp.at/id/eprint/664

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