Drive Towards Circular Land Use Management

Ferber, Uwe and Bergatt Jackson, Jirina and Preuss, Thomas and Verbücheln, Maic and Starzewska-Sikorska, Anna (2013) Drive Towards Circular Land Use Management. PLANNING TIMES – You better Keep Planning or You get in Deep Water, for the Cities they are A-Changin'. Proceedings of 18th International Conference on Urban Planning, Regional Development and Information Society. pp. 267-273. ISSN 2521-3938

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Abstract

Soil is one of the worldwide most important resources. Some scientists are afraid that due to the expected massive urbanization in next two decades, a “soil peak” can be reached because of e.g. urban sprawl and the massive construction of traffic areas. It means that the amount of soil which is in use for agriculture or for natural purposes decreases more and more. One problem is that traditional regulative approaches of spatial planning are failing to deliver a sustainable land use. Urban sprawl supports unsustainable land use with negative economical and ecological effects, like loss of the resource soil, increase of traffic, etc. New integrated land management approaches and policy mixes are needed, to address the stakeholders varied interests in land more comprehensively. The project Circular Flow Land Use Management (CircUse) fosters sustainable land use in Central Europe by promoting the principle “avoid – recycle – compensate”. 12 partners from 6 countries are for 3.5 years implementing the project CircUse Circular Land Use Management principles and concepts. In 6 participating countries these partners promote an integrative policy and governance approaches in respect of the urbanised land utilization. For the first the CircUse strategy has been developed to illustrate what is necessary to implement the approach of a circular land use management. According to these requirements further steps have been taken by the project partners. The project CircUse has firstly unified the urban land use typologies and then prepared a pragmatic inventory tool, focused on the local/regional land use management. This tool can assist municipalities to become aware, what is the size of their development potential within their urbanised area. On working with such a data management tool further, analyses of the actual accessibility of this urban development potential can be made and mainly measures can be proposed to improve the inner urban development potential accessibility. Data gathering can usually help to size up an issue and monitor the situation. But the solution of a more effective land use can be only achieved through a coordinated action, which aims to deliver the good intentions, identified in various policies. As a tool which could achieve this, was by the project CircUse chosen the action plan, focused on improving land use effectiveness. Six action plans based on a common template were produced, one per each project CircUse partners´ country. A scale of these action plans varied from a site specific (Piekary) to a city based (Asti, Freiberg) to a peripheral regions based ones (Trnava, Voitsberg) to a NUTS 3 based plan (Ústí Region). In the last three plans the multilevel governance approaches and the stakeholders´ participation were tested. To help municipalities to implement a sustainable land management a guideline for the preparation of a CircUse training course was produced. The guideline consists of 6 learning modules which are: 1. Land consumption – the problem analysis, 2. Principle of CircUse, 3. Land potentials and scenarios, 4. Stakeholders, 5. Instruments and 6. Action plans. Also education materials for secondary school children have been produced and translated into 6 languages as well as the pilot training has been conducted. A concept of institutional solutions serving the management of circular land use is another important output of the CircUse project. Here two different approaches were employed: one was based on an existing institution, to which additional or specific tasks and competencies have been transferred. This was the case of the Industrial Park – EkoPark in Piekary. Another approach was presented by establishing a new land management agency which was founded in Austria, specifically focused onto the management of circular land use. Both solutions of institutional set ups acting as local operators for management of circular land use can serve as a good practice example for other European towns and regions. This paper would share various experiences, which partners gained, while implementing the CircUse project common approach of the Circular Flow Land Use Management in their countries.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: land recycling
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: The CORP Team
Date Deposited: 02 May 2019 14:49
Last Modified: 02 May 2019 14:49
URI: http://repository.corp.at/id/eprint/665

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