Exploring the Applicability of Sustainable Development Goals in Fringe Areas of Fast Growing Metropolises

Howlader, Dipanjan and Sarkar, Basudatta (2020) Exploring the Applicability of Sustainable Development Goals in Fringe Areas of Fast Growing Metropolises. SHAPING URBAN CHANGE – Livable City Regions for the 21st Century. Proceedings of REAL CORP 2020, 25th International Conference on Urban Development, Regional Planning and Information Society. pp. 1107-1111. ISSN 2521-3938

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The social sustainability of the north-east Asia has been threatened by the rising population and poverty. The unplanned metropolitan and suburban growth endangers the existing systems of social, economic and environmental balance and creates hindrances towards sustainable development. Existing urban infrastructure has become unable to cater services to all citizens resulting poor quality of life. Thegovernment is also struggling to pay for new and expanded services. Most of the existing metropolitan cities in the south-east Asia were not planned how to face these kinds of problems when it arise. Contemporary policy problems are to be found in the rural areas of this region which act as hindrances of the city expansion. In most of the cases the existing metropolitan cities expand without any proper guidelines where the cities hardly breathe. The people living in urban fringe areas are contributing to the economy; they are more susceptible to social, economic and environmental shocks generated within the region. The Fringe area Development may be a solution to these growing problems in this region. Urban Fringe is an area that situates between urban and rural system. Fringe is defined as a relation to the city and exists in agriculture hinterland (area around or beyond a major town) where land use is changing .It is the most sensitive, dynamic and swiftly changing area during the urbanization process. However to minimize the growing development pressure of the metropolis emergence of fringe area development has become popular to decentralize the population in this region. But at the same time the development without proper guidelines results poor services in the fringe areas which has become a common phenomenon in the region and it gradually attempts to destroy the overall infrastructure and environment of the metropolis. In 2015 the UNDP has formed certain global goals known as “Sustainable Development Goals”. The motto of the SDGs is “To provide a better future for everyone of the society”. However it is noticeable that in most of the cases the fringe area development in this region is basically focused to cope up with the present scenario; either focuses on social or economic or environmental benefit. But to achieve the SDG it should be focused on these three perspectives equally. In Indian context the fringe area development is focused to decrease and decentralize the pressure of the mother city. Thus it is hardly seen to achieve the SDG in Indian scenario. In the contrast in the developed countries the fringe area development hardly neglects any of the three perspectives of the sustainability as the cities are already developed in every aspect that the fringe area development does not require to decrease and decentralize the pressure of the mother city. So the fringe area development in developed countries is more likely policy oriented whereas in south-east Asian context it is more likely depends on the nature and characteristics of the mother city. . This paper aims how far is it applicable to induce the SDGs in the fringe areas in Indian scenario so that it may draw sustainability in these metropolitan cities as well as in the fringe area.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fringe Area, Development, Sustainable Development Goals, India, Metropolis
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Depositing User: REAL CORP Administrator
Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2021 09:49
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2021 09:49
URI: http://repository.corp.at/id/eprint/679

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