Developing Interface of Information Systems for Preparation of Climate Change Responsive City Plan

Bandyopadhyay, Piyali (2015) Developing Interface of Information Systems for Preparation of Climate Change Responsive City Plan. REAL CORP 2015. PLAN TOGETHER – RIGHT NOW – OVERALL. From Vision to Reality for Vibrant Cities and Regions. Proceedings of 20th International Conference on Urban Planning, Regional Development and Information Society. pp. 229-236.

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During the last few years climate change has become a growing worldwide environmental concern. The vulnerability of cities to climate change is largely underestimated. There is no established or standardized set of city indicators that measures the effects of climate change on cities and assesses those risks and the role that cities play for, example, in contributing to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Energy consumed in heating and lighting of residential and commercial buildings generates nearly a quarter of GHGs globally and transport contributes 13.5 per cent, of which 10 per cent is attributed to road transport (McCarney 2009). According to the Clinton Foundation, large cities are responsible for about 75 per cent of the GHGs released into our atmosphere. Other way there is no system has been developed yet to collect, collate and disseminate the information. A city has planned without accounting the climate change of city and its consequences. City is a cause of climate change and vice versa its subsequent victims of its affect. Given that half of the world’s population started to live in cities by 2007, it is no exaggeration to say that the battle against climate change will be won or lost in our cities. According to 2011 census of India the total population of India is 1.2 billion the annual growth of population is 1.8%. In India, the urban population is 377 million as per 2011 census, which accounts for 31.6 percent of the total population. Due to rapid industrial growth, the urban population is increasing rapidly. The population is largely concentrated in a few large cities and 35 metropolitan cities, which accounts for 35.4% of the total urban population. The urbanization in India mainly is due rural to urban migration of population. The challenges of urbanization in India are unprecedented in scale and significance. One of the expected impacts of climate change on Indian subcontinent is a general increase in both the mean minimum and mean maximum temperatures by two to four degrees centigrade (Sharma et al. 2006). A 10 to 15 per cent increase in monsoon precipitation in many regions, a simultaneous precipitation decline of 5 to 25 per cent in semi-arid and drought-prone central India, and a sharp decline in winter rainfall in northern India is also projected (Ramesh and Yadava 2005). Carbon emissions, climate change, and their economic and ecological impacts on India’s cities are inevitably correlated. The nation lacks comprehensive, robust, and credible information systems to inform climate choices and evaluate their effectiveness. In this context it is necessary to mention that the content of the master plan of any city contains various aspects that depict the morphology of the city except information on weather, climate , climate change and causes and consequence relationship between climate and city . For a sustainable city plan an integration of information systems where the input will arrive from both urban and environmental sector . In India Ministry of Urban Development has launched National Urban Information System (NUIS) Scheme (March 2006) to develop GIS data bases for towns/ cities in the country. Another initiative by Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change is Environmental Information System (ENVIS) which aims to collect, collate, store, retrieve and disseminate environment related information across the country . ENVIS and NUIS individually act as a self sufficient information system for disseminating information in their respective fields but individually none of them is able to address the climate change issues in urban areas. For preparation of climate change responsive city plan the information input should integrate both ENVIS and NUIS. Developing an interface between ENVIS and NUIS can enable these two systems more affective individually as well as jointly towards climate change responsive City plan.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: interface development, climate change, CHGs, NUIS, ENVIs
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Depositing User: REAL CORP Administrator
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2016 09:08
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2016 09:08

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