Integration of Multi-dimensional Rural and Urban Planning Efforts for Achieving SDG 13 – Indian Context

Bandyopadhyay, Piyali (2021) Integration of Multi-dimensional Rural and Urban Planning Efforts for Achieving SDG 13 – Indian Context. CITIES 20.50 – Creating Habitats for the 3rd Millennium: Smart – Sustainable – Climate Neutral. Proceedings of REAL CORP 2021, 26th International Conference on Urban Development, Regional Planning and Information Society. pp. 433-444. ISSN 2521-3938

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Earth’s climate is dynamic phenomenon subjected to change through natural cycle and anthropogenic influences. Rapid urbanization and industrialization have accelerated the process of climate change. During last few decades world has become more concerned about changes in climate, popularly known as Global Warming. Every sphere of life is affected through climate change. Prime anthropogenic reason for climate change is accumulation of Green House Gases due to burning of fossil and fuel. As per estimation of World Bank half of the world’s population lives in cities, a share that is likely to reach 70 per cent in 2050 (World Bank 2010). Cities utilize as much as 80 per cent of worldwide energy production and account for a roughly equal share of global greenhouse gas emissions. Urban population is expected to be double by 2030 however; the global built-up area is expected to triple during the same period (Angel et al. 2005). Sustainable Development Goal 13 (SDG13) talks about climate change action plan, it is one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by United National during 2015. SDG13 invites Governments to “take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts”. It emphasizes addressing and minimizing the risks arised due to climate change and is integral to the successful implementation of SDGs. Scope of SDG13 comprises multi-dimensional focus which inter alia includes adaptation and mitigation, mainstreaming climate concerns in development policies and discussing financial mechanisms to meet the targets. Cities are hubs of opportunities for livelihood, therefore, it attract population for migration. Cities are drivers of global climate change and at the same time it is most affected party. Rapidly growing cities in developing countries and emerging economies with limited infrastructure very often become unsuccessful to provide adequate protection from extreme weather events and changing climatic conditions. The urban poor are particularly most vulnerable towards extreme weather events as they are more exposed to these events. In many cities, unplanned and haphazard urban growth leads to rapid urban sprawl, pollution, and environmental degradation. To meet the demand of urbanization issues related to climate change is largely under estimated. Peri urban areas are the most dynamic space in the process of urbanization, encounter land use change, haphazard development without prefeasibility study. These areas need special attention for mitigation and adaptation for climate change. Rural ecosystem of India possesses unique physical, social and economic characteristics which make them uniquely vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Impact of climate change in rural areas involves major questions of detection and attribution. Whilst having potential, there are complications with using traditional knowledge and farmer perceptions to detect climate trends (Rao et al., 2011; in IPCC 2014). Climate Change impact may be categorized into two segments, i.e. first sort involves extreme events, such as floods and storms, as they impact on rural infrastructure and cause direct loss of life and second sort will involve impacts on agriculture or on ecosystems on which rural people depend. Sustainable development, climate change impacts and disaster risk management are core issues for both rural and urban areas of India. Vulnerability due to climate change is a dynamic concept, varies spatially as well as temporally with sensitivity, exposure and adaptive capacity. In case of urban areas climate change responsive city plan should not be confined within city administrative boundary it should encompass peri-urban areas. Similarly for climate change responsive rural planning efforts may integrate climate change issues with rural employment, infrastructure development, natural resource management, basic need development programme, etc. Various initiatives like, Smart City Mission, National Urban Information System, Environmental Information System, National Spatial Data Infrastructure, Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transmission, Rurban Mission, etc. are implemented by the Government of India toward sustainable rural and urban development. But in these rural and urban planning programmes issues related to climate change are not addressed. Details study of these programmes/ schemes reveals the scope of integration of climate change related issues with exiting planning initiatives. For achievement of SDG13 there is need to integrate these initiatives along with climate change responsive plan for both rural and urban areas. . In this article an attempt has been made to develop a methodology for preparing cross sectoral and multi-dimensional planning model for climate change responsive planning for rural and urban areas.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rural Planning, Urban Planning, Peri Urban, Vulnerability, Adaptation, Mitigation
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Depositing User: REAL CORP Administrator
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2021 12:54
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2021 17:25

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