Quantifying the Benefits of Sustainable Transport for the Urban Economy

Rauh, Wolfgang (2021) Quantifying the Benefits of Sustainable Transport for the Urban Economy. CITIES 20.50 – Creating Habitats for the 3rd Millennium: Smart – Sustainable – Climate Neutral. Proceedings of REAL CORP 2021, 26th International Conference on Urban Development, Regional Planning and Information Society. pp. 607-611. ISSN 2521-3938

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There is ample research on health benefits and benefits due to the prevention of environmental damage induced by the use of sustainable means of transport. For the political acceptance of measures for the promotion of sustainable urban transport it is important in addition to evaluate how a more sustainable system of urban transport directly affects urban businesses with regard to transport cost and productivity. This question leads to the very purpose of urban transport which is providing accessibility. It can be shown that beginning from a very low percentage any increase in the modal share of car traffic in a given system of urban transport causes accessibility to fall due to increased congestion. With regard to urban businesses this means that access of potential labour force to places of work, the so called „effective size of the labour market“ is reduced. Research also has shown that productivity is positively linked to the size of the labour market. Hence it is possible to attribute a marginal cost or benefit to any increase or reduction of urban car traffic. In case of the city of Vienna this benefit can be estimated at 4000 to 5000 Euro per year for every commuter changing from car to public transport walking or cycling. This adds to the already well researched benefits brought about by the reduction of congestion cost.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Benefits of agglomeration, Sustainable Transport, Urban Businesses, Economic Benefits, Accessibility
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
Depositing User: REAL CORP Administrator
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2021 13:33
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2021 17:39
URI: http://repository.corp.at/id/eprint/790

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