Working Together, Planning Together! Evaluation of the Cross-Border Survey between Austria and Slovakia

Roider, Oliver and Klementschitz, Roman and Riegler, Sebastian (2015) Working Together, Planning Together! Evaluation of the Cross-Border Survey between Austria and Slovakia. REAL CORP 2015. PLAN TOGETHER – RIGHT NOW – OVERALL. From Vision to Reality for Vibrant Cities and Regions. Proceedings of 20th International Conference on Urban Planning, Regional Development and Information Society. pp. 713-722.

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The Eastern part of Austria and the regions Bratislava and Trnava in Slovakia form an economic growing region (called Twin-City region). A steadily increase of cross-border traffic between these two countries is expected. However, no compatible transport demand and mobility data are currently available. In particular, in Slovakia no comprehensive mobility survey has been organised since 30 years, despite a lots of efforts in the past. Up to now, only in Austria mobility data has been collected on a regular basis, but comparable cross border data are missing. In 2013 the Austrian and Slovakian Ministries of Transport decided to organise a cross-border survey conjointly. The aim of this survey was to quantify the number of people crossing the border at each cross-border station between Austria and Slovakia and to collect information about the purpose of the trip, the modes used as well as the trip’s origin and destination. In total, information about more than 12.000 trips was collected at ten cross-border stations between Austria and Slovakia. The survey consisted of two parts: (1) manual traffic counts and (2) face-to-face interviews on trains and busses as well as on the street. Respondents could choose between bi-lingual questionnaires (German or Slovak language), additionally the interviewer offered translation into English, if requested. The collected data were stored in an electronic database accessible from Austria and Slovakia. In order to avoid spelling problems more than 600 municipalities were pre-coded to be selected by the staff entering the data. To achieve a high level of quality, plausibility checks were included in the database. Reference data were used for weighting and grossing up: data of manual traffic counts, data of road site automatic count stations as well as passenger counts provided by the public transport operators were used to calculate average traffic volumes on workdays and Sundays. In total, more than 50.000 persons cross the border between Austria and Slovakia on an average workday. More than four out of five of these trips are made by car, around one in ten by train and three percent by bus. The proportion of trips made by bicycle or on foot paths is negligible. On Sundays the share of car trips is even higher than on workdays. People crossing the border are mainly Slovakian citizens (more than 2/3 of all trips). The majority of trips is undertaken in order to get to or to return from work (about 50% on an average workday). It is remarkable that even on Sundays the share of work-related trips from Slovakia to Austria is almost 50%, which seems to be caused by weekly commuters. As the capital cities Vienna and Bratislava are the main hotspots of the regions and are located close to each other, one might assume that most of the traffic is generated between these two cities. However, the survey’s results show that the regional traffic from the metropolitan area of Bratislava towards Austrian municipalities located close to the border is of high importance as well (e.g. the municipality of Hainburg in Austria). On workdays more than 20.000 trips are made between Bratislava and other Austrian regions than the city of Vienna. In comparison, approximately 10.000 trips are made between the two capital cities on an average workday.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: mobility, survey, cross border traffic, transport, planning
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
Depositing User: REAL CORP Administrator
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2016 13:56
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2016 13:56

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