The Role of Zoning in Cross-Border Industrial Land Transition: Lessons from Tokyo Metropolitan Area

Zhang, Ruiyi and Yan, Wanglin (2021) The Role of Zoning in Cross-Border Industrial Land Transition: Lessons from Tokyo Metropolitan Area. CITIES 20.50 – Creating Habitats for the 3rd Millennium: Smart – Sustainable – Climate Neutral. Proceedings of REAL CORP 2021, 26th International Conference on Urban Development, Regional Planning and Information Society. pp. 933-942. ISSN 2521-3938

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Tokyo Metropolitan Area (TMA) is one of the most developed urban regions in the world. It consists of about 200 municipalities across Tokyo prefecture and the adjacent prefectures of Kanagawa, Saitama and Chiba in the Kanto Plain. The region has witnessed drastic socio-economic transformation during the last half century. As the growth of TMA and deepening of globalization, secondary industrial sectors in the inner city have kept decreasing while moving to the metropolitan suburbs and the suburban municipalities have benefited from inflow of industries for local jobs and revenue. Meanwhile, the cross-border industrial development has caused massive land use change, however some of the constructions were unplanned in terms of zoning. So, the questions arise on how it could happen in a developed country like Japan which has a mature land use planning system, what were the driving forces under the surface, and what was the impact has caused in the sense of sustainable development. As a common policy instrument in urbanisation and land use management, zoning plays a key role in regulating the socio-environmental impact of land use change, especially cross-border industrial land transition. However, implementation and the effects of zoning may extensively depend on supply and demand in land market as well as from stakeholders’ collaboration. It is also difficult to manage a zoning system at different scales initiated for different policy goals. Hence, this study aims to investigate the industrial land transition and the adequacy of industrial land location in the suburb of TMA by using temporal-spatial analysis of industrial and demographic statistics to clarify the gaps and driving forces between zoning and land use.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is part of the project M-NEX (, a grant of Sustainable Urbanisation Global Initiative (SUGI) —Food-Water-Energy Nexus by Belmont Forum and JST (Japan Science and Technology Agency). And this research was also supported by the Shiota Grant 2020 from Keio University and Taikichiro Mori Memorial Research Grants 2020.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Temporal-spatial analysis; Industrial land transition; Zoning; Spatial pattern; Adequacy
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Depositing User: REAL CORP Administrator
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2021 20:26
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2021 17:49

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